Fiona Carroll

Research



I am a research leader in the field of Human Computer Interaction (HCI) with a focus on aesthetic and ethical computing, human dimensions of cyber security, and educational technologies.

I am currently co-leading the Creative Technology research group at Cardiffmet University.


Also, I am a member of the EUREKA Robotics Lab at Cardiffmet University.



Research Collaborations


DAPTEC From data to business value: Developing a data physicalisation framework to transform data into value for Welsh business (June 2020 to September 2021).
Data Physicalisation Technology (DAPTEC) is an 18-month research project that aims to present guidelines for the design and implementation of a DAPTEC framework for developing data physicalisations. Data Physicalisations are real-life physical artefacts whose material properties realise data in creative ways and in doing so, have the potential to derive new insight and value for any sector of UK industry. We are working with industrial partners Yard Associates Ltd and Cardiff City Council (CCC) to build a data physicalisation that creatively correlates data from Flatholm island with Welsh calendar events (designated for creating awareness of environmental issues) to engage people in Cardiff’s climate change story. The development of this data physicalisation will inform the design and application of the DAPTEC framework to confirm a systematic way of giving ‘invisible’ data a physical shape. In building this data physiclisation, we aim to provide people with more meaningful and tangible ways to access and understand important environmental issues in Cardiff and make more informed decisions around their personal and environmental wellbeing. The project is funded by the Welsh Government Smart Expertise (European Regional Development Fund).

Using Brain Computer Technology (BCI) to identify the neural signature of perceived threat in an online environment (January 2020 to September 2020)
This project was in collaboration with Dr. James Kolasinski, CUBRIC, Cardiff University. The project aimed: 1. To identify robust signatures of real-world threat using recordings of human electrical brain activity (EEG). 2. To test the effects of colour-based techniques (i.e. tone and hue visual variables), focused-based techniques (i.e. noise and blur visual variables) and geometry-based techniques (i.e. sketchiness and scale visual variables) against these threat markers from the EEG in order to develop a set of robust markers for the design of a safer and more secure cyberspace. It was interested in what patterns are generated during a physical world threat-processing task? And what online visual variables (such as noise, blur, colour etc.) can trigger the same patterns of human electrical brain activity as images of real-world threats? As a result of COVID-19 restrictions, the EEG studies could not be undertaken however, a large scale qualatitive study was executed and some very interesting findings around the need for visual warnings and cautions online emerged.

Aesthetics, Cyber Security and Visualisation: Collaboration with University of West of England (UWE) (2018 to present). I am working with Phil Legg (UWE) to explore how aesthetics might be utilised in cyber security visualisations to address the concept of situational awareness for Non-Expert Users. This work is ongoing.

Aesthetics and Problem Solving: Collaboration with Melbourne University (2017 to present). From July to October 2017, I was a visiting researcher at the School of Psychological Sciences in Melbourne University. Here, I worked with Simon Cropper and Maggie Webb on a study that explored the impact of context, presentation and aesthetic on people’s ability to solve ‘map-like’ problems. Another larger study is currently being run with future studies in the pipeline.

Aesthetics and Online Learning: Collaboration with Yorkville University, Canada (2006 to present). My ongoing research partnership with Rita Kop’s (Yorkville University, Canada) explores the importance of the aesthetic and the visual in the design and development of the online learning experience. We believe a deeper understanding of the aesthetic and the visual will have a big impact on the future of online learning, particularly how our students learning behaviours evolve.

Past Research projects. During my career I have been involved in a number of projects funded by bodies such as the ESRC, AHRC, EPSRC and ESF. These projects include: The Benogo project, Edinburgh; The Citizenship project, Edinburgh; The Technology, Research and Innovation Project (TRIO) Project, Swansea University; and the Swansea Learning Partnership, Swansea University.




Current PhD Students


Director of Study (DoS) for two PhD projects at Cardiff Met University:

Second Supervisor for three PhD programmes at Cardiff Met University
External Supervisor for two PhD programmes at the University of South Wales (USW)



Successful Funding Applications


1.Aesthetic and Ethical Computing:

Building towards an online visual warning standard: Understanding the human aesthetic response for the design of visual warnings to counter misinformation. Funded by Global Academy Santander Fellowship CardiffMet Global Academies (April-December 2021). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll.

Exploring a multidisciplinary aesthetic programming approach to engage more girls in IT Funded by CardiffMet Global Academies £2458.50, (February 2021). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll.

The Button Friends Idea Lab Activity Funded by Creative Clwstwr (AHRC), £500, (December 2020). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll.

From data to business value: Developing a data physicalisation framework to transform data into value for Welsh business. Funded by Smart Expertise (Welsh Government/ European Commission under European Regional Development Funds regulations), £217,291, (2020-2022). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Simon Thorne and Dr Jon Pigott, Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies; Paul Newbury, Yard Digital Ltd; Natalie Taylor, Cardiff City Council and Luke Maggs, Natural Resource Wales.

Developing aesthetic heuristics to leverage more ‘insightful’ data visualizations for better business decisions. Funded by KESS II – European Social Fund Convergence Program, £53,324, (Sept 2019 - Sept 2022). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Esyin Chew and Paul Newbury, Yard Digital Ltd.

Desired Digital Customer Experience: Using neuroaesthetics to inform the design of online services that will shape and influence user behaviour. Funded by KESS II – European Social Fund Convergence Program, £50,000, (Sept 2016 - present). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll (stood down when I left USW); Co-In: Dr Daniel Cunliffe and CGI, Bridgend.

To grow new facilities to promote ethically aligned technology at the Creative Technology Research Group at CST. Funded by Cardiff MetResearch & Innovation Services (RIS) R&B ‘Get Started Quick’ Fund, £2500, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll.

So Much Depends’ Digital Text/Art Project in partnership with Cardiff Council. Funded by University of South Wales, Impact Investment Scheme, £3,000, (2013). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Alice Entwistle & Dr Inga Burrows, University of South Wales.

2. Human Factors of Cyber Security:

Using Brain Computer Technology (BCI) to identify the neural signature of perceived threat in an online environment. Funded by Welsh Crucible Seedcorn Funding Scheme, £5773, (Jan 2020 to Sep 2020). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr James Kolasinski, Cubric, Cardiff University.

Optimising End Users Online Safety from Wireless Network infrastructure to User interface. Funded by Cardiff Metropolitan University, Global Academies Research and Innovation Development Fund, £2000, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Liqaa Nawaf, Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies.

The Human factors of Cybercrime: Understanding how matters of transnational and international cybercrime can impact Welsh African business links. Funded by Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) placement (funded by HEFW), £2500, (2020). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Liqaa Nawaf, Dr Chaminda Hewage & Dr Thanuja Mallikarachchi, Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies.

Understanding How the Latest ISO Standards Can Enhance the Security Of Local Welsh Industries. Funded by Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) placement (funded by HEFW), £2500, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Liqaa Nawaf, Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies.

Understanding the Potential Of Brain Computer Interface (BCI) Technology To Create Better Online Security Experiences. Funded by Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) placement (funded by HEFW), £2500, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr James Kolasinski, Cubric, Cardiff University.

Cyber Security workshop. Funded by Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) placement (funded by HEFW), £500, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Chaminda Hewage, Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies.

3.Educational Technologies:

Global Wales - Vietnam / Wales Partnership Project. Funded by: British Council Vietnam HEP programme. £8000. (2021). Global Wales. (April-July 2021). PI: Dr Rob Meyers; Co-Ins: Prof Jeff Lewis and Dr Debbie Clayton, Dr. Chaminda Hewage and Dr. Fiona Carroll (Cardiff Met University), Dung Le Hoang, University of Social Sciences and Humanities – Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City

Jam the mess - A get-together to create educational digital games for untangling the messy mechanics of cancer Funded by ISSF3 Public Engagement Proof-of-Concept Award, £4,957, (2020). PI: Dr Giusy Tornillo, Cardiff University; Co-In: Dr. Karen Reed and Dr. Maddy Young, Cardiff University; Co-In: Dr Fiona Carroll and Dr Glenn Jenkins, Cardiff School of Technologies.

Exploring formal and informal learning methods to support gender diversity at Cardiffmet: A Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies (CST) project to design for female friendly curriculums. Funded by Cardiff Metropolitan University, Expand: Student Engagement Fund, £954.40, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll.

Unlocking the potential of ‘Welsh’ for FE and HE computer science academics: Welsh medium primary school children to teach the latest cutting-edge robots how to speak the Welsh Language. Funded by Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) placement (funded by HEFW), £500, (2020). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll.

Cyber Girls workshop. Funded by Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) placement (funded by HEFW), £500, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll & Dr Tas Begum, Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies.

CADA DIA Welsh – an eight-week pilot online language-learning program. Funded by Welsh Government, £5000, (Summer 2016). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Michael Henry, University of Missouri Kansas City.

Novel learning: Developing an etextbook course on computer architecture. Funded by University of South Wales, Centre for Learning and Teaching, £5000, (2013). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Nathan Thomas, University of South Wales.