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fiona carroll

Dr. Fiona Carroll BA, MSc, PhD, FHEA.



Reader in Human Computer Interaction (HCI),
Cardiff School of Technologies,
Cardiff Metropolitan University, Llandaff Campus, Western Avenue, Cardiff, CF5 2YB
Email:fcarroll@cardiffmet.ac.uk



Personal Statement


I am a reader in Human Computer Interaction at Cardiff School of Technologies, Cardiff Met Universiy. I have a proven track record of both teaching and research excellence that provide exemplary levels of commitment to on-going academic development. I have teaching expertise across a wide range of subjects and I have produced research which impacts on global quality of life and wellbeing. I am an experienced, award-winning educator and research leader who can effectively connect the differences in people to embrace collaboration for cutting-edge teaching and research innovation.



Academic Qualifications


Ph.D. in Human Computer Interaction (HCI), Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland. -Doctoral Thesis: Engaging Photorealistic VR: An Aesthetic Process of Interaction (2008)
MSc (Hons) in Interactive Media, University of Limerick, Ireland. -Master Dissertation in HCI: Design and Development of Interactive educational ‘Pop-up’ book (2002).
Graduate Diploma in Art & Design Teaching, Institute of Technology, Limerick, Ireland (1998).
BA degree in Ceramic Design, Institute of Technology, Limerick, Ireland. -Degree Dissertation in Design: East meets West: Exploring the Eastern and Western pottery traditions in pattern making (1996).



Career Development


2021– present: Reader, Cardiff School of Technologies, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Wales.
2018–2021: Senior Lecturer, Cardiff School of Technologies, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Wales.
2017–2018: Senior Lecturer (FT), Department of Computer Science and Creative Technologies, University of the West of England (UWE), England.
2009–2017: Lecturer (PT), School of Computing and Mathematics, University of South Wales, Wales.
2006–2008: Learning Technologist (FT), Department of Adult Continuing Education (DACE), Swansea University, Wales.
2005–2006: Research Assistant and Tutor (PT), School of Psychology and Sociology, Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland.
2005–2006: Adult Education Computing Tutor (PT), Wester Hailes Education Centre, Edinburgh, Scotland.
2003–2005: Research Assistant and Tutor (FT), School of Computing, Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland.
2000: TEFL Teacher (FT), (Summer), The English School, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
2000: Art and Design Teacher (FT), St. Michael’s Detection Centre, Finglas, Dublin, Ireland.
1999–2000: Supply Art and Design Secondary Teacher (FT), Edinburgh & London, UK.
1997–1999: TEFL Teacher (FT), Cedin English Center, Irapuato, Mexico.
1996–1997: Special Needs Assistant (FT), The Brothers of Charity services, Bawnmore, Limerick, Ireland.
1992 –1998: Potter’s Assistant (Summer Terms), Kenmare Pottery, Kerry, Ireland.
1992 –1998: Lifeguard & Swim Teacher (Term time), Shannon Shamrock Leisure Centre, Bunratty, Ireland.



Professional Fellowships, Memberships and Certifications


IEEE member: The world's largest technical professional organization for the advancement of technology (since 2018).
CISCO student level credential certification, CCNA Cybersecurity Operations, Open University, UK (2020).
ITIL expert certification (BCS): Chartered Institute of IT Institute of Leadership & Management (2016).
Award in Mentoring from the Institute of Leadership & Management, Level 3 certification (2015).
CISCO instructor certification (CISCO CCNA 1-4 courses/exams) from the University of Wales Trinity St. David (2013-2015).
Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, United Kingdom (since 2013).



Professional / Academic Awards:


Nominee for the Outstanding Supervisor of the Year Award ,Cardiff Met University, 2022.
Global Academy Santander Fellowship, Cardiff Met University, 2021.
Nominee for the School Lecturer of the Year, Cardiff Met University Student Led Teaching Award, 2021
Welsh Crucible, Award Winning Leadership Development Programme for Future Research Leaders 2019.
Nominee for the student-led teaching fellowship (in teaching excellence), Cardiff Met University, 2019.
University of South Wales Women in Leadership development program for Future Women Leaders in University, September 2016 to June 2017.
Winner of the Excellence in Learning, Teaching and Assessment Award for Excellence in Research-Informed Learning and Teaching at the University of South Wales (USW), 2013.



Personal Interests and Achievements


Member of the Bridgend Senior Swim Squad: (2009 to present)
Member of the Sker & Pink Bay Lifeguards: Bronze medal: Welsh Surf Lifesaving competition, Jan 2020.
Member of the Porthcawl Judo club: Brown Belt Award, Nov. 2019.
Local Authority primary school governor for Ysgol Y Ferch O'r Sger (2013 to present).

My Teaching



I have a PhD in Computing titled ‘Engaging Photorealistic VR: An Aesthetic Process of Interaction’ from Edinburgh Napier University (2008) and a Higher Diploma in Art and Design Teaching (1998). I have been teaching in a wide range of subject settings and education levels since 1999.


I am Programme Director for Computing for Interaction and Computing with Creative Design in the School of Technologies, Cardiffmet University.

The following are a list of modules that I have taught at H.E. since 2009.

Reader (September 2018 to present)– Cardiff School of Technologies Cardiff Metropolitan University.

  • Module leader for Web and Mobile Technologies (year 2, undergraduate, 2021 to present)
  • Module leader for Design Thinking (year 1, undergraduate, 2021 to present)
  • Module leader for Technology Project Management (Postgraduate programme, 2021)
  • Module leader for Professional and Ethics in IT (year 3,undergraduate, 2018 to present)
  • Module lecturer for Networks & Communications (year 2,undergraduate, 2018 to 2020)
  • Module lecturer for Social Media Analytics (Masters, postgraduate, 2018 to 2020)
  • Module lecturer for Building for the Web (year 1,undergraduate, 2018)
  • Module leader for Computing & Society (year 1,undergraduate, 2018)


  • Senior Lecturer (November 2017 to July 2018)– Department of Computer Science and Creative Technologies, University of the West of England (UWE).

  • Module leader for Interaction Design (year 3,undergraduate, 2018)
  • Module leader for User Experience (year 2,undergraduate, 2018)
  • Module leader for Design Thinking (year 1, undergraduate, 2018)


  • Lecturer (January 2009 to September 2017) – School of Computing and Mathematics,University of South Wales

  • Module leader for IT Service Management (first and second year undergraduate, 2013-2017)
  • Module lecturer for Applied Computer Networks (second year undergraduate, 2013-2017)
  • Module lecturer for Web Application Development (second year undergraduate, 2013-2017)
  • Module leader for Media Technology for Applications II (second-year undergraduate, 2010/2011)
  • Module leader for Media Technology for Radio (first-year undergraduate, 2010/ 2011)
  • Module lecturer for Computer Systems & Internet Technology (first-year undergraduate, 2008/ 2009)
  • Module lecturer for Information Resource Engineering (first- year undergraduate, 2009 to 2011)
  • Module lecturer for Multimedia Authoring & Development (second-year undergraduate, 2009 to 2011)
  • Module lecturer for Internet Application Development (first-year undergraduate, 2009 to 2011)
  •  


    My Research


    I am a research leader in the field of Human Computer Interaction (HCI) with a focus on aesthetic and ethical computing, human dimensions of cyber security, and educational technologies.


    I am currently co-leading the Creative Technology Research Centre (CCRC) at Cardiffmet University. Also, I am an associate member of the EUREKA Robotics Lab at Cardiffmet University.



    Research Collaborations


    Developing a Digital Learning Support Network (December 2021 to June 2022). This project is in collaboration with Technocamps, Swansea University. This project is funded by the UK Community Renewal Fund.

    Micro Credential Project (October 2021 to July 2022). This project is in collaboration with Professor Faron Moller (SU); Professor Stuart Allen (CU); Professor Vic Grout (GU); Lynette Thomas (OU); Dr Fred Labrosse (AU); Dr Sa’ad Mansoor (BU); Professor Andrew Ware (USW) and Dr Kapilan Radhakrishnan (UWTSD). This project is funded by HEFCW.

    DAPTEC From data to business value: Developing a data physicalisation framework to transform data into value for Welsh business (June 2020 to September 2021). Data Physicalisation Technology (DAPTEC) is an 18-month research project that aims to present guidelines for the design and implementation of a DAPTEC framework for developing data physicalisations. We are working with industrial partners Yard Associates Ltd and Cardiff City Council (CCC) to build a data physicalisation that creatively correlates data from Flat Holm island to engage Cardiff Citizens in Flat Holm Island and the bigger climate change story. This project is funded by the Welsh Government Smart Expertise (European Regional Development Fund).

    Using Brain Computer Technology (BCI) to identify the neural signature of perceived threat in an online environment (January 2020 to September 2020). This project was in collaboration with Dr. James Kolasinski, CUBRIC, Cardiff University.
    Aesthetics, Cyber Security and Visualisation: Collaboration with University of West of England (UWE) (2018). This work was in collaboration with Phil Legg (UWE) to explore how aesthetics might be utilised in cyber security visualisations to address the concept of situational awareness for Non-Expert Users.

    Aesthetics and Problem Solving: Collaboration with Melbourne University (2017). From July to October 2017, I was a visiting researcher at the School of Psychological Sciences in Melbourne University. Here, I worked with Simon Cropper and Maggie Webb on a study that explored the impact of context, presentation and aesthetic on people’s ability to solve ‘map-like’ problems..

    Aesthetics and Online Learning: Collaboration with Yorkville University, Canada (2006 to present). My ongoing research partnership with Rita Kop’s (Yorkville University, Canada) explores the importance of the aesthetic and the visual in the design and development of the online learning experience.

    Past Research projects. During my career I have been involved in a number of projects funded by bodies such as the ESRC, AHRC, EPSRC and ESF. These projects include: The Benogo project, Edinburgh Napier University; The Citizenship project, Edinburgh Napier University; The Technology, Research and Innovation Project (TRIO) Project, Swansea University; and the Swansea Learning Partnership, Swansea University.




    Current PhD Students


    Director of Study (DoS) for two PhD projects at Cardiff Met University:

    Second Supervisor for three PhD programmes at Cardiff Met University
    External Supervisor for two PhD programmes at the University of South Wales (USW)



    Successful Funding Applications


    1. Aesthetic and Ethical Computing:

    Set up a Brain Computer Interface (BCI) facility for the Creative Computing Research Centre. Funded by Cardiff Met Research & Innovation Services (RIS) R&B ‘Get Started Quick’ Fund, £3000, (2022). PI: Dr. Kazeem Olorisade, Co-In: Joel Pinney and Dr Fiona Carroll

    Building towards an online visual warning standard: Understanding the human aesthetic response for the design of visual warnings to counter misinformation. Funded by Global Academy Santander Fellowship CardiffMet Global Academies £9000 (April-December 2021). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll.

    Exploring a multidisciplinary aesthetic programming approach to engage more girls in IT Funded by CardiffMet Global Academies £2458.50, (February 2021). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll.

    The Button Friends Idea Lab Activity Funded by Creative Clwstwr (AHRC), £500, (December 2020). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll.

    From data to business value: Developing a data physicalisation framework to transform data into value for Welsh business. Funded by Smart Expertise (Welsh Government/ European Commission under European Regional Development Funds regulations), £217,291, (2020-2022). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Simon Thorne and Dr Jon Pigott, Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies; Paul Newbury, Yard Digital Ltd; Natalie Taylor, Cardiff City Council and Luke Maggs, Natural Resource Wales.

    Developing aesthetic heuristics to leverage more ‘insightful’ data visualizations for better business decisions. Funded by KESS II – European Social Fund Convergence Program, £53,324, (Sept 2019 - Sept 2022). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Esyin Chew and Paul Newbury, Yard Digital Ltd.

    Desired Digital Customer Experience: Using neuroaesthetics to inform the design of online services that will shape and influence user behaviour. Funded by KESS II – European Social Fund Convergence Program, £50,000, (Sept 2016 - present). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll (stood down when I left USW); Co-In: Dr Daniel Cunliffe and CGI, Bridgend.

    To grow new facilities to promote ethically aligned technology at the Creative Technology Research Group at CST. Funded by Cardiff Met Research & Innovation Services (RIS) R and B ‘Get Started Quick’ Fund, £2500, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll.

    So Much Depends’ Digital Text/Art Project in partnership with Cardiff Council. Funded by University of South Wales, Impact Investment Scheme, £3,000, (2013). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Alice Entwistle & Dr Inga Burrows, University of South Wales.

    2. Human Factors of Cyber Security:

    Partnership for Education and Research (PER) Programme for Women in Cybersecurity. Funded by British Council – Saudi Arabia, £60,000. (February 2022). PI: Dr Liqaa Nawaf; Co-In: Dr. Chaminda Hewage and Dr. Fiona Carroll.

    CardiffMet Bid Development Support Funded by Cardiff Met Global Academy, (£4000), (February 2022). PI: Dr. Fiona Carroll.

    Using Brain Computer Technology (BCI) to identify the neural signature of perceived threat in an online environment. Funded by Welsh Crucible Seedcorn Funding Scheme, £5773, (Jan 2020 to Sep 2020). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr James Kolasinski, Cubric, Cardiff University.

    Optimising End Users Online Safety from Wireless Network infrastructure to User interface. Funded by Cardiff Metropolitan University, Global Academies Research and Innovation Development Fund, £2000, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Liqaa Nawaf, Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies.

    The Human factors of Cybercrime: Understanding how matters of transnational and international cybercrime can impact Welsh African business links. Funded by Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) placement (funded by HEFW), £2500, (2020). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Liqaa Nawaf, Dr Chaminda Hewage & Dr Thanuja Mallikarachchi, Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies.

    Understanding How the Latest ISO Standards Can Enhance the Security Of Local Welsh Industries. Funded by Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) placement (funded by HEFW), £2500, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Liqaa Nawaf, Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies.

    Understanding the Potential Of Brain Computer Interface (BCI) Technology To Create Better Online Security Experiences. Funded by Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) placement (funded by HEFW), £2500, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr James Kolasinski, Cubric, Cardiff University.

    Cyber Security workshop. Funded by Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) placement (funded by HEFW), £500, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Chaminda Hewage, Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies.

    3. Educational Technologies:

    Digital Technology Learning Support Network. Funded by UKCRF programme. £175, 903. (2021). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-Ins: DR. Chaminda Hewage (Cardiff Met University), Professor Faron Moller (Swansea University).

    Micro Credential Project. Funded by HEFCW programme. £ 350,137. (2021). PI: Professor Faron Moller. Co-Ins: Professor Stuart Allen (CU); Professor Vic Grout (GU); Lynette Thomas (OU); Dr Fred Labrosse (AU); Dr Sa’ad Mansoor (BU); Professor Andrew Ware (USW); Dr Fiona Carroll (CMU); and Dr Kapilan Radhakrishnan (UWTSD).

    Global Wales - Vietnam / Wales Partnership Project. Funded by: British Council Vietnam HEP programme. £8000. (2021). Global Wales. (April-July 2021). PI: Dr Rob Meyers; Co-Ins: Prof Jeff Lewis and Dr Debbie Clayton, Dr. Chaminda Hewage and Dr. Fiona Carroll (Cardiff Met University), Dung Le Hoang, University of Social Sciences and Humanities – Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City

    Jam the mess - A get-together to create educational digital games for untangling the messy mechanics of cancer Funded by ISSF3 Public Engagement Proof-of-Concept Award, £4,957, (2020). PI: Dr Giusy Tornillo, Cardiff University; Co-In: Dr. Karen Reed and Dr. Maddy Young, Cardiff University; Co-In: Dr Fiona Carroll and Dr Glenn Jenkins, Cardiff School of Technologies.

    Exploring formal and informal learning methods to support gender diversity at Cardiffmet: A Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies (CST) project to design for female friendly curriculums. Funded by Cardiff Metropolitan University, Expand: Student Engagement Fund, £954.40, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll.

    Unlocking the potential of ‘Welsh’ for FE and HE computer science academics: Welsh medium primary school children to teach the latest cutting-edge robots how to speak the Welsh Language. Funded by Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) placement (funded by HEFW), £500, (2020). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll.

    Cyber Girls workshop. Funded by Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) placement (funded by HEFW), £500, (2019). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll & Dr Tas Begum, Cardiff MetSchool of Technologies.

    CADA DIA Welsh – an eight-week pilot online language-learning program. Funded by Welsh Government, £5000, (Summer 2016). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Michael Henry, University of Missouri Kansas City.

    Novel learning: Developing an etextbook course on computer architecture. Funded by University of South Wales, Centre for Learning and Teaching, £5000, (2013). PI: Dr Fiona Carroll; Co-In: Dr Nathan Thomas, University of South Wales.

    My Publications



    I have several years of experience both teaching and researching in Human Computer Interaction and to date, I have produced an extensive yet diverse list of publications.

    Magazine Articles



    Carroll, F. and Calderon, A. (2021). Instagram Kids: tech development must move from usability to safety. In The CONVERSATION.

    Carroll, F.(2021). Fake news: bold visual warnings needed to stop people clicking – new research. In The CONVERSATION.

    Carroll, F., Mostafa, M. & Thorne, S. (2020). Working from home: Twitter reveals why we’re embracing it. In The CONVERSATION.

    Carroll, F. (2019). Technology for humans: Prioritising human well-being in our science . In SCIENTISTS ARE HUMANS Magazine.

    Carroll, F., Webb, M. & Cropper, S. (2018). Our senses are lost online: Investigating how aesthetics might be used to ground people in Cyberspace. In IEEE Technology and Society Magazine.



    Journal Papers



    Carroll, F., Adejobi, J.A. & Montasari, R. (2022) How Good Are We at Detecting a Phishing Attack? Investigating the Evolving Phishing Attack Email and Why It Continues to Successfully Deceive Society. SN COMPUT. SCI. 3, 170.

    Pinney, J., Carroll, F., & Newbury, P. (2022). Human-robot interaction: the impact of robotic aesthetics on anticipated human trust. PeerJ Computer Science, 8.

    Montasari, R., MacDonald, S., Hosseinian-Far, A., Carroll, F. & Daneshkhah, A. (2020). Network and Hypervisor-Based Attacks in Cloud Computing Environments. Int. J. Electronic Security and Digital Forensics. In Inderscience Publishers Ltd.

    Lewis, R., Anderson, T. and Carroll,F.(2020). Can School Enrolment and Performance be Improved by Maximizing Students’ Sense of Choice in Elective Subjects?Journal of Learning Analytics, vol. 7(1), pp. 75–87, doi: 10.18608/jla.2020.71.6

    Edmond, E. C., Prakash, E., and Carroll, F. (2020).RoboDoc: Critical Ethical Issues to Consider for the Design and Development of a Robotic Doctor Experience. Journal of Future Robot Life, 1 Jan. 2020 : 1 – 5. DOI: 10.3233/FRL-200002

    Entwistle, A., Burrows, I. & Carroll, F. & (2017). ‘Aesthetic co-producing for site-specific experiential inclusion’. In Open Cultural Studies Journal: Media and Emotions. The New Frontiers of Affect in Digital Culture (Special Issue). ISSN (Online).

    Henry, M.,Carroll, F., Cunliffe, D. & Kop, R. (2017). ‘Learning a minority language through authentic conversation using an online social learning method’. In Journal of Computer Assisted Language Learning. UK: Taylor & Francis.

    Carroll, F. & Kop, R. (2016). ‘Colouring the gaps in Technology Enhanced Learning: Aesthetics and the visual in learning’, in Special Issue on Visual Aspects in Technology. Enhanced Learning, International Journal of Distance Education Technologies. 14 (1) pp. 92-103.

    Lewis, R. and F. Carroll (2016). ‘Creating Seating Plans: A Practical Application’. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 67(11), pp. 1353-1362. (10.1057/jors.2016.34)

    Carroll, F. & Lewis, R. (2013). ‘The ‘engaged’ interaction: important considerations for the HCI design and development of a web application for solving a complex combinatorial optimization problem’. In World Journal of Computer Application and Technology 1(3), pp. 75-82. (DOI: 10.13189/wjcat.2013.010303).

    Carroll, F., Jenkins, A., Woodward, C., Kop, R. & Jenkins, E. (2012). ‘Exploring How Social Media Can Enhance the Teaching of Action Research’, Action Research Journal, 10 (2), pp. 170-188. (DOI: 10.1177/1476750311424945).

    Kop, R. & Carroll, F. (2011). ‘Cloud computing: Learning from a Massive Open Online Course on how to enhance creativity in learning’, In European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning. [Online]. Available at: http://www.eurodl.org/?p=special&sp=articles&article=457 (Accessed: 3/4/2017).

    Carroll, F. & Kop, R. (2011). ‘A Learning, Research and Development Framework to Design for a Holistic Learning Experience’, E-Learning and Digital Media Journal, 8(4), pp.315 -356. ISSN 2042- 7530.

    Carroll, F. (2010). ‘Designing (for) experiences in photorealistic VR environments’. New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia, 16, pp. 181-194.( http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13614561003710250

    McCall, R., ONeill, S., Carroll F., Benyon, D. & Smyth, M. (2005). ‘Responsive Environments, Place and Presence’. Psychnology Journal, 3(1), pp. 34-74.



    Book Chapters



    Carroll, F. , Calderon, A. & Mostafa, M. (2022). ‘Ethics and the Internet of Everything: A glimpse into People’s Perceptions of IoT Privacy and Security’. In Montasari, R., Bolton-King, R., Carroll. F., Mitchell, I. & Hara, S.(eds) Privacy, Security and Forensics in The Internet of Things (IoT). Springer.

    Yu, S. & Carroll, F. (2021).‘Implications of AI in National Security: Understanding the Security Issues and Ethical Challenges'.In: Montasari, R. & Jahankhani, H. (ed.s) Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Security: Impact and Implications. Security Challenges, Technical and Ethical Issues, Forensic Investigative Challenges. Springer. DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-88040-8


    Montasari, R., Carroll, F., Jahankhani, H., Hosseinian-Far,A. and Daneshkhah, A. (2021). ‘Application of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Producing Actionable Cyber Threat Intelligence'. In Montasari, R., Jahankhani, H. Hill, R. and Parkinson, S. (eds.) Digital Forensic Investigation of Internet of Things (IoT) Devices. Springer.

    Smyth, M., Benyon, D., McCall, R., O’Neill, S., and Carroll, F. (2015). ‘Patterns of Place: An Integrated Approach for the Design and Evaluation of Real and Virtual Environments’. In Biocca, F., Freeman, J., IJsselsteijn, W., Lombard, M. and Schaevitz, R. J. (eds). Immersed in Media: Telepresence Theory, Measurement and Technology. New York, NY: Springer, pp.187–235.doi:10.1007/978-3-319-10190-3_9

    Carroll, F.; Kop, R., and Thomas, N. (2015). From books to ebooks: A new chapter for learning. Open Education in Europe, eLearning papers, Occasional paper

    Carroll, F. (2011). ‘Exploring past trends and current challenges of human computer interaction (HCI) design: What does this mean for the design of virtual environments?’ In B. H. Khan (Ed.), User Interface Design for Virtual Environments: Challenges and Advances. Hershey, PA: IGI Publishing.

    Carroll, F. (2008). ‘The Spatial Development of the Visual-Narrative from Prehistoric Cave Paintings to Computer Games’. In P. Turner et al. (Eds.), Exploration of Space, Technology, and Spatiality: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. UK: Springer.

    Benyon D., Smyth, M., McCall, R., ONeill, S. & Carroll, F. (2006). ‘The Place Probe: Exploring a Sense of Place in Real and Virtual Environments’. Presence Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, vol. 15(6), pp.668-687.

    Turner, P. Turner, S. Carroll, F. (2005). ‘The Tourist Gaze: Contextualising Virtual Environments’. In P Turner et al. (eds.), Spaces, Spatiality and Technology. UK: Springer.

    Carroll, F., Smyth, M. & Dryden, L. (2004). ‘Visual-Narrative and Virtual Reality’. In Book of Selected Readings: The International Association of Visual Literacy. IVLA, Johannesburg, South Africa. pp. 63 -73



    Conference Papers, Conference Proceedings & Workshop Papers



    Adejobi, J. A., Carroll, F. and Montasari, R. (2021). How good are we at detecting a phishing attack? Investigating how the evolving phishing attack email effects the trust of citizens. 7th International Conference on Cyber Security and Privacy in Communication Networks (ICCS) 2021.

    Carroll, F. & Faruque, R. (2021). Gender Equality: Exploring aesthetic programming as a way to increase diversity and shape inclusivity in our digital society. IEEE International Humanitarian Technology Conference 2021.

    Carroll, F. & Faruque, R. (2021). Building towards a more inclusive computing learning experience: Exploring aesthetic techniques to enhance Welsh school children’s engagement with programming. Association for Learning Technology (ALT)Conference 2021.

    Dashti, S., Prakash, E., Hussain, F., & Carroll, F. (2021). Digital Twin for Virtual Pottery. In the 2nd International Congress of Immersive Technologies (XR ACADEMIA 2021).

    Dashti, S., Prakash, E., Hussain, F., & Carroll, F. (2021). Experimental Evaluation of Virtual Pottery Systems. In 2021 International Conference on Cyberworlds (CW). IEEE.

    Dashti, S., Norbert, I., Prakash, E., Hussain, F., Carroll, F. and Newball, A. (2021). Creative Technologies - From VR and Art Aesthetics to Form and Function, 2021 International Conference on Cyberworlds (CW), 2021, pp. 145-146, https://doi.org/10.1109/CW52790.2021.00032

    Carroll, F. (2021). Usable Security and Aesthetics: Designing for engaging online security warnings and cautions to optimise user security whilst affording ease of use. 2021 European Symposium on Usable Security (EuroUSEC 2021). https://doi.org/10.1145/3481357.3481376.

    Carroll, F. and Bonkel, B. (2021). Designing for affective warnings to support people in trusting information online. 33rd British Human-Computer Interaction conference, 19-20 July 2021.

    Adejobi,J.A., Carroll, F. , Montasari, R. and Nawaf, L. (2021). Phishing, Trust and Human Wellbeing. 14th International Conference on ICT, Society and Human Beings, 20 – 22 July 2021.

    Chellaraj, S. & Carroll, F. (2021). Collaborative Community-based Self Expanding E-Learning Model (CCSE). Advances in Management and Innovation 2021 conference.

    Silcox, S. & Carroll, F. (2021). Developing a more innovative ‘Forex' trading application to shape new and improved trading experiences. Advances in Management and Innovation 2021 conference.

    Pinney, J. Carroll, F. & Esyin, C. (2021) Valuable insights into the aesthetic visualisation of uncertainty in data as a means to navigating business risks and making better strategic decisions. Advances in Management and Innovation 2021 conference.

    Sousa, M., Carroll, F. & Kop, R. (2021). Investigating the Aesthetic Effect of Visual in Online Higher Educational Video Lecture Experience. ICDEL 2021: 23th International Conference on Digital Education and Learning.

    Nawaf, L., Hewage, C. & Carroll, F. (2021). Minimization of Cyber Security Threats Caused by COVID-19 Pandemic. ICICT 2021 (Sixth International Congress on Information and Communication Technology).

    Pinney, J., Carroll, F. & Newbury, P. (2020). Robots and Uncertainty: An investigation into the impact of the aesthetic visualisation on people’s trust of robots. RITA 2020 conference.

    Dashti, S., Prakash, E., Hussain, F. & Carroll, F. (2020). Digital Pottery: Novel Information Systems and Workflow Process for Virtual and Physical Artistic Visualizations of Sound on Ceramics. Advances in Management and Innovation 2020 conference.

    Dashti, S., Hussain, F., Carroll, F., & Prakash, E. (2020). Scaffolds for virtual pottery: Design, 3D printing and kiln firing. In the 8th International Conference on RiTA Robot Intelligence Technology and Applications Programme RiTA2020, Three-Minutes Thesis (3MT) Competition. http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.23405.10722


    Dashti, S., Prakash, E., Hussain, F. & Carroll, F. (2020). Virtual Pottery: Deformable Sound Shape Modelling and Fabrication. CyberWorlds 2020 conference. ISBN: 978-1-7281-6497-7

    Carroll, F., Webb, M. & Cropper, S. (2020). Investigating aesthetics to afford more ‘felt' knowledge and ‘meaningful' navigation interface designs. In: IV2020, 24 International Conference Information Visualisation (Type/Track of contribution: HCI - Human-Computer Interaction for Information Visualization), Virtual conference, 7-11 September 2020.

    Carroll, F., Mostafa, M. & Thorne, S. (2020). COVID-19: #Working From Home. Quite Enjoyed It. Surprised Myself. In: MCCSIS, Multi-conference of computer science and Information systems, 13th International Conference on ICT, Society and Human Beings,Virtual conference, 21– 23 July, 2020.

    Carroll, F., Legg, P. & Bonkel, B. (2020). The Visual Design of Network Data to Enhance Cyber Security Awareness of the Everyday Internet Use. In: IEEE Int. Conf. on Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics and Assessment (CyberSA), Virtual conference, 15-17 June 2020.

    Carroll, F. & Legg, P. & Chakof, A. (2019). What makes for effective visualisation in cyber situational awareness for non-expert users? In: IEEE Int. Conf. on Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics and Assessment (CyberSA), Oxford, England, 3-4 June 2019. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10369/10540

    Meace, S & Naamani, C & Carroll, F. (2018). BUILDING THE ‘CONNECTION’ BETWEEN THE STUDENT, THEIR PEERS AND THE LECTURER: HOW SOCIAL MEDIA CAN ENHANCE STUDENT ENGAGEMENT AND AFFORD INFORMAL LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES. 4554-4562. 10.21125/.edulearn.2018.1135.

    Carroll, F., Entwistle, A., Burrows, I., Ware, M. & Thomas, N. (2017). Smart CITY Patterns: Creating environmental stylesheets to template ‘inclusivity’ on Cardiff Bay Barrage. In IEEE conference 2017 International Symposium on Technology and Society (ISTAS 2017).

    Carroll, F., Kop, R., Thomas, N. and Dunning, R. (2015).Transformation: An initial study into the alignment of mobile interaction and language learning. MCCSIS, Multi-conference of computer science and Information systems, 9th International Conference on e-Learning, 21 – 24 July 2015, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.

    Carroll, F., Thomas, N. & Ware, M. (2013). The Development An Interactive Ibook Application To Harness The Next Generation Of ‘Computer Architecture’ Educational Experiences. In Proceedings: WORLDCOMP’13- The 9th International Conference on Frontiers in Education: Computer Science and Computer Engineering, July 22-25, 2013, USA.

    Thomas, N., Carroll, F., Kop, R. & Stocking, S. (2012). iBook learning experience: the challenge of teaching computer architecture to first year university students. In Proceedings: WORLDCOMP’12- The 2012 World Congress in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, and Applied Computing, July 16-19, 2012, USA.

    Carroll, F. (2009). Aesthetic-Interaction: Exploring the Importance of the Visual Aesthetic in the Creation of Engaging Photorealistic VR Environments. In Proceedings: Theory and Practice of Computer Graphics, Cardiff University, 19th June. Geneve: Eurographics Association. pp.181-188.

    Carroll, F. & Kop, R. & Woodward, C. (2008). Sowing the Seeds of Learner Autonomy: Transforming the VLE into a Third Place through the use of Web 2.0 Tools. In ECEL-European Conference on eLearning, University of Cyprus, Cyprus, 6-7 November 2008. pp. 152-160.

    Carroll, F. & Robinson, J. & Woodward, C. (2008). A New Presence-Learning Tool to Enhance the Learning Experience. In HCI workshop for Technology Enhanced Learning, John Moore University, Liverpool, 1-5 September 2008.

    Kop, R., Woodward, C. & Carroll, F. (2008). Get your Hands Dirty: Personlisation for whom?. Digital Learning: Repurposing Education, Plymouth E-learning Conference, Plymouth University, 4 April 2008.

    Woodward, C., Kop, R., & Carroll, F. (2007).Which side of the wall are you on? At the 14th International Conference of the Association for Learning Technology, ALT-C 2007: Beyond Control, Learning Technology for the Social Network Generation, Nottingham, UK, 4-6 September 2007.

    Carroll, F., Smyth, M. & Dryden, L. (2005). Investigating the Creation of Visually Engaging Experiences in Virtual Reality Environments. In Proceedings: Edesigns in Art and Design Education. University of the Arts, London.

    Carroll, F. (2005). Developing a Visual-Narrative Model to Enhance Engagement in a Virtual Reality Environment. In Proceedings: The 19th British HCI Group Annual Conference. Napier University, Edinburgh.

    Carroll, F. (2005). Engagement and Creativity in Virtual Environments. In HCI workshop, Napier University, Edinburgh, 5-9th September.

    McCall, R. ONeill, S. and Carroll, F. (2004). Measuring Presence in Virtual Environments. In Conference on Human-Factorsin Computing: CHI 2004. Vienna, Austria: Association of Computing Machinery.

    McCall, R. ONeill, S. Carroll, F. and Benyon, D. (2004). The Presence Probe. In, Workshop on Designing and Evaluating Virtual Reality Systems. University of Notthingham, UK.

    McCall, R., ONeill, S., Smyth, M., Benyon, D. & Carroll, F. (2004). A Method for Designing Virtual Places. In Presence 2004. Valencia, Spain.

    Carroll, F. (2004). Image, Narrative and VR Space. In Proceedings: Spaces, Spatiality and Technology Workshop, Edinburgh, Scotland.

    ONeill, S. McCall, R. and Carroll, F. (2004). Measuring Presence in Virtual Environments (Video). Conference on Human Factors in Computing 2004: CHI2004, Vienna, Austria, CD.

    Turner, P. McGregor, I. Turner, S. and Carroll, F. (2003). Evaluating Soundscapes as a Means of Creating a Sense of Place. In Brazil, E & Shinn-Cunningham, B (Eds), ICAD, pp. 148-151. Boston University Publications Department.

    Turner, S. Turner, P. Carroll, F. ONeill, S., Benyon, D. McCall, R. and Smyth, M. (2003). Re-creating the Botanics: towards a sense of place in virtual environments. 3rd UK Conference of the Environmental Psychology Network.

    My Professional Duties



    As an academic, I have undertaken various different roles (i.e. presenter, invited speaker, trainer, reviewer, consultant, manager and administrator etc.).






    Presenter and Invited Speaker Roles




    Radio Interviews

    Sputnik Radio Interview on the 27th May 2020 The COVID-19 Crisis Has Shown That People Can Conduct Their Jobs in a Home Setting’ – Academics



    Trainer and Consultant Roles

    Software Alliance Wales (SAW) trainer, Using Moodle in Small Business Enterprises (SME's), University of South Wales, 2013.
    Software Alliance Wales (SAW) trainer, iBook development, University of South Wales, 2013.
    Invited trainer of Web 2 and multimedia technologies to SMEs (Community Education centres in Porth, Banwen and Glynneath) in South Wales, TRIO project, 2006-2008.
    Invited Trainer of digital narrative development for asylum seekers, refugees and legal immigrants to Swansea, The Swansea Learning Partnership Project, 2006-2008.
    Consulting with Swansea University lecturers and tutors to develop engaging online materials and learning objects, TRIO project, 2006-2008.
    Consulting with Swansea University tutors in how to use MP3 players to enhance learning, The Swansea Learning Partnership Project, 2006-2008.



    Chair Roles

    Chair at the 8th IEEE International Conference on Robot Intelligence Technology and Applications (RiTA), (virtual), 11th– 13th December, 2020.
    Chair at the MCCSIS, Multi-conference of computer science and Information systems, 13th International Conference on ICT, Society and Human Beings (virtual), 21– 23 July, 2020.






    Reviewer and Editor Roles

    Reviewer, On The Horizon, (2021).
    Book Editor, Privacy, Security and Forensics in The Internet of Things (IoT), Springer Book, (2021).
    Reviewer, Journal of Computer Assisted Language Learning, (2016-present).
    Reviewer, Space, Spatiality & Technologies Workshop papers, Napier Edinburgh University, Scotland of (2003 & 2004).



    Selected Management Roles




    Selected Administrative Roles


    My Outreach Work



    I am passionate about getting more girls into computing sectors and supporting women in IT.



    Graphic taken at USW



    As a latecomer to technology, I understand some of the feelings of ambivalence that young girls might have towards the study of computing and careers in technology generally. Whilst at school, I was the girl who steered well clear of the subject; technology wasn’t even on my radar. Now, as someone who has worked in tech for over 15 years, I am the person who is very keen to encourage more girls into computing and IT.

    Graphic taken from Cardiffmet Intranet







    Recent Outreach work with Cardiff Met University


  • June 2021: Girls in STEM Cardiff Met University event. Delivered (virtually) an one hour session on Aesthetic Programming.
  • May & June 2021: Working with First Campus to develop a aesthetic programming project to engage children in coding. We delivered sessions in the following schools: Ninian Park primary school, Mount Stuart Primary school, Ysgol y Ferch o'r Sgêr, Milton Primary Newport, Pencaerau Primary school, Hywel Dda Primary school, Bryn Celyn Primary school, St Mary's School Butetown, and Maindee Primary, Newport.
  • June 2021: Delivered a Computing Career one hour session to Ninian Park primary School, Cardiff
  • 2021 to present: Working with three Cardiff Met University female students to set up the first Welsh/ UK student chapter with WICYS. The aim is to encourage more girls into Cyber.
  • 2021: Supporting (with project management) a group of secondary girls for a F1 Schools STEM Challenge. They are through to the world platform.
  • 2020 to present: Working as an ambassador with the CyberFirst to engage more children into Cyber.
  • 2020 to present: Working with colleges in the Grŵp Llandrillo Menai on an Engineering Education Scheme Wales (EESW) Project on Green Computing.
  • November and December 2020: Undertook a series Cardiff Met series of guest lectures on ‘Computing and Interaction’, ‘Computing and Creativity’ and ‘Women in Robotics’ for schools.
  • November 2020: Undertook a Cardiff Met Q&A session on 'Computing with Creative Design' and 'Computing for Interaction' for school Kids.



  • CyberGirls Workshop Cyber Security Workshop

  • 2019/2020: Techniquest and Girls-Who-Code . Working with Techiquest and Girls-Who-Code, two Cardiffmet Students were mentored to work in local Cardiff schools.
  • 26th February 2020: St David's Catholic College Vocations Festival promotion of Cardiffmet School of Technologies
  • 9th and 16th October 2019: SIP Workshops See graphics above for details
  • 9th July 2019: Y Ferch o'r Sger primary school (1 hour session) with year 5 on robotics (18 pupils participated).
  • 28th June 2019: Careers Wales at Cardiffmet University (6 and half hour session) with 50 career teachers on Cyber Security from 10am to 4:30pm.
  • 19th June 2019: Widening Participation Robotics summer school (5 hour session) with adults on robotics from 10-3pm at Cardiffmet University.
  • 13th February 2019: Llanishen High school (1 hour session) on theoretical cyber awareness (25-30 pupils participated).
  • 24th October 2018: Y Ferch o'r Sger primary school (1 hour session) on cybercrime (15 pupils participated).
  • My HCI Design Work


    I have been designing for over twenty-six years. A selection of this work can be found below.